Iván Ljubetic Vargas, the historian of the Center for Extended Research
Julius Rosenberg (Julius Rosenberg) was born in New York on May 12, 1918. He is an electrical engineer. Ethel was born in the same city on September 28, 1915. She is an aspiring actress and singer. Both are part of the youth “Youth Communist League” of the American Communist Party.
They met when Julius was studying engineering. They participated in activities to raise funds for the International Seamen’s Union, and she sang culturally. They were married on July 18, 1939. In 1940, the couple got a job in Washington. They returned to New York in 1941 and gave birth to their first child, Michael, on March 10, 1943.
At the same time, Julius continued his political work until 1945, when he transferred the direction of his work to those members. Members of FAECT who were dismissed for suspected ties to the Communist Party. He himself was fired on the same charges.
In 1946, Rosenberg decided to open his own machinery factory, and his brother-in-law, David Greenglass, went there after sending troops. In 1947, their second son Robby was born. Therefore, Ethel is fully committed to housework.
From the end of the Second World War to 1950, they lived a quiet life, dedicated to their children’s education, surrounded them intimately with caring parents, but neither of them could predict that their lives would change that year. A dangerous turn will cause them to eventually separate from their children and lead to unjust deaths.
«We come from a humble background, we are humble. If it were not for the criminal charges against us, we would live a simple life like most people unknown to the world, except for a few people who have been with us. (Excerpt from “Rosenberger Administrative License Request”.)
A weird process
It all started on August 28, 1948, when the Soviet Union tested the first atomic bomb. The following year, counterintelligence personnel from the FBI discovered that the Russian Secret Service KGB (KGB) had received a report on the Maniatan project of the US Secret Service. Develop the atomic bomb.
The investigation uncovered a conspiracy that included David Greengrass (David Greengrass, the brother of Julius), who was the mechanic of the Los Alamos project at the time. David accused his brother-in-law and sister, and then investigators appointed Julius as the head of the network.
This was the beginning of the “hard trial” on March 6, 1951. The main excuse for contacting Julius Rosenberg was a young Communist League activist. The trials of both parties were far from fair. The convictions were based on the 1917 Espionage Act, which stipulated the death penalty for such crimes in wartime, even though they were accused of espionage at the time, and countries did not fight the Soviet Union.
During those years, there was a strong anti-communist atmosphere, and there was widespread concern in American society that it would oppose “McCathism” and that it would soon be confronting the Soviet Union. All these aspects affected the verdict. Caused many American casualties in South Korea.
Since there was no conclusive evidence to blame on the marriage, the trial was a fraud. All the accusations weighing on them are statements by David and his wife. Julius and Ethel have very few friends, so they are their own witnesses and influence them on the defensive end.
In a leniency petition sent by Ethel Rosenberg to the President of the United States, she publicly declared her innocent and heroic position. :
«We are not martyrs or heroes, nor do we want to be. We don’t want to die. We are young, too young, to die. We both long to see our two children, Michael and Robert, grow up and become men. We hope to do our best to restore the side of our children at some point and restore the harmonious family life we enjoyed before the nightmare of arrest and conviction. We hope that one day we can reintegrate into society, in which we can do our best to contribute to a world where everyone enjoys peace, bread and roses. Yes, we long for life, but simple dignity invests only in those who are honest with themselves and their compatriots. Therefore, to be honest, we can only say that we are innocent. “
Later, Ethel analyzed the whole process and the shortcomings of the evidence provided, and pointed out:
«We demand a reduction of sentences so as not to cause the tragedy of destroying our little family, and to set a precedent for giving up the appreciation of the value of human life in North America. “
In Xingsong Prison, there are hundreds of police under surveillance. It was sunset on Friday, June 19, 1953. Outside the White House in Washington, a small group of protesters held up vicious signs that read: “The death of the communist rat!” About 50 miles south of Union Square in New York, thousands of people gathered to beg for mercy.
On June 19, 1953, Rosenberg’s husband was finally executed in an electric chair. Although his wife Ethel was a small and said to be a fragile woman, she had endured three shocks before her death. They left two children aged 3 and 7 respectively.
The famous French existentialist philosopher Jean Paul Sastre called Rosenberg’s execution “lynching, which stained the whole country with blood.”
Thirteen years after the crime, Ethel’s brother David Greenglass admitted that his accusation against them was an accusation against them and led to their imprisonment and death, which was wrong. In June 1950, David was forced to sign a statement in which he agreed to be an assistant to the Philadelphia chemist Harry Gold. He admitted to the FBI that he was the United States and Claus · Klaus Fuch’s English contact scientist was accused of espionage for the benefit of the “Red Army.”
Ethel’s brother tried to reduce his sentence and, under pressure from the man in the black suit, sentenced Julius and Ethel to charges, saying that his brother arrested him because he was part of the Moscow spy network. Sarcastic life: This is the only accusation of the Rosenbergs, but this creates a labyrinth of lies, which kills them.
In 1970, the FBI declassified documents, proving that the so-called “American democracy”, the law and most importantly justice, constituted a huge farce of trial history, have been so bad ever since.
Thirty years later, the American Bar Association rebuilt the Rosenberg case, conducted a two-day trial, and finally concluded that both were not guilty because they were accused of being burned in an electric chair. As far as Ethel is concerned, the latter is literal, because he even has to endure the final torture of requiring three shock deaths, because – the executioner explained – lethal spawning is not suitable for his small body.
Letters The love of two innocent people who died innocent on the chair
Love beyond death
Saturday, August 12, 1950  Dear Ethel
I heard this news on the radio last night, and after trying my best to meet or contact you, I was allowed to write this letter. Let me know how you feel as soon as possible. How are the children? Is there anything arranged for them? Keep quiet. With all my love,
Your Julius. “
Saturday, August 12, 1950
My dear julie
You must already know what happened to me and why I have written to you since the female prison. My dear, I hope I can tell you that I remain calm, calm and fair, but the reality is that I have shed a lot of pain for the children… My heart is crying for you and the children… Now, everything is more than this difficult. It used to be because we both knew that neither of us could take care of our loved ones freely… Honey, I would chat with you and cry every night before I went to bed because you couldn’t hear me. . . For you, my beloved, all my love and my most fanatical thoughts.
I love you .
Saturday, October 28, 1950
Today, my emotional behavior is very weak. Excuse me, please. When it comes to children, this situation wreaked havoc on me. Think about this Friday, it has been eleven weeks since the last time I saw our children. Unbelievable, unimaginably heartbreaking. What have we done to suffer this kind of suffering? We live an honest and constructive life. (…)Do you know how much I love you? I beg you, heaven, be strong for me…
Saturday, November 4, 1950
love of my life
(…) I heard a gentle and compassionate letter from kind people, containing human emotions, and I was moved to tears (…) I feel very close to you, and I do all my love. It is really encouraging to see the visible evidence of the concrete support of so many simple people in the hour we need most. Indeed, we are not alone. There are a large number of good people in our land. They will see that reality is known and justice has been called as we should… How long have I longed for you! I am so lucky to have a wife who is as precious and beautiful as you. I am proud of you, and for your sake, I want us to be with the children.
Sunday, May 27, 1951
When I fell in love, we would never forget the turmoil and struggle, joy and beauty of the first few years of our relationship. We work together to find an answer to all the seemingly unsolvable problems raised by a complex and rigid society. These reactions have withstood the test of time and change. “
Sunday, December 30, 1951
My lovely wife
For us, a very bad year has passed. Some progress has been made in organizing the justice movement, but progress is still small and very slow. As a realist, I am fully aware of the tremendous effort required to deal with the cruel inertia that the Department of Justice has injected into the American people. With courage, plus trust and hope, I wish you a happy new year, my love (…) my love, and we will provide compensation for all the refusal suffered by our children. I repeat again that in the coming year, I will continue to see my support, my inspiration, and all the beautiful things in life that are beautiful to me. Wholeheartedly,
My best wishes in 1952-love-congratulations-freedom-peace!
Tuesday, February 26, 1952
Honey  My love, at 10 o’clock last night, I heard a terrible news. At these moments, there is almost a complete lack of elements that I must comply with, and I find it difficult to make any comments, except for expressing fear that the government seems to be pressing for an acceleration of our deaths. There is no doubt that this shows that all our analysis of the political nature of the case is unexpectedly correct… At the same time, I am as tortured as you must. Darling, if I can really comfort you. I love it so much. Your faithful wife
Sunday, May 31, 1953
Faced with the sinister reality, they were ordered to commit suicide 18 days after their 14th wedding anniversary. How would this affect their loved ones? The approach of the darkest hour of our sorrow and the serious danger that threatens us requires us to do our best to avoid hysteria and false heroism (…) All the love in my heart belongs to you.
Thursday, June 11, 1953 (8 days before the murder)
(…) Do something, Manny, work hard. For me, it is impossible to allow us to execute the death penalty on our wedding anniversary. But anyway, I am a stupid and hopeless person, he cannot understand the way a man looks like a man, it is nothing more than a sadistic in disguise! (…)
POEM “If We Die”
Ethel Rosenberg left her children in 1953. This poem is:
If we die
You will know, my children, you will know
Why don’t we leave the song
No books to read, no work to do
Rest under the grass.
My children, don’t regret it anymore
Being exalted because of lies and slander
The tears we shed and the pain that penetrates us
Everything must be announced.
The earth will smile my children, you will smile
And the green in our resting place will grow
The crime will end, and the world will be happy for brotherly peace and peace.
Work and construction, my children
Build a monument for love and joy
The value to mankind, the belief we reserve for you,
My children, for you. “
In the womb of barbaric imperialism, old crime stories are repeated. After being killed, their innocence was confirmed. The same goes for the Chicago martyrs, Sacco and Vanzetti. Still with Rosenberg’s husband. So they talk about democracy in Trump country!