How much would it cost to grant maternity leave to mothers working in the Indonesian informal sector?


New evaluation from Alive & Thrive assesses the cost of cash transfers to women in Indonesia’s informal sector, revealing that the transfers would help #Defend breastfeeding and save public nicely being costs. Watch this introductory video to research additional

New research reveals that the annual cost of providing maternity cash transfers to women working in informal sector would be a worthwhile funding. The financing need would be decrease than 0.5% of the nation’s nominal GDP in 2018, significantly lower than the current annual charge cost of not breastfeeding in Indonesia – estimated at US $ 9.4 billion, or spherical 1% of the nation’s nominal GDP in 2018.

The evaluation, carried out by Alive & Thrive, Yale College of Public Health, CEDS Universitas Padjadjaran and EQUIDE, and revealed in International Journal of Breastfeeding, focuses on the potential benefits for roughly 17 million working women of childbearing age (15-49 years) in Indonesia who’re employed informally.

Informal workers normally aren’t entitled to any specific maternity security, which hinders breastfeeding practices and contributes to the extreme nicely being and monetary costs of not breastfeeding in Indonesia, roughly $ 1.5 billion to $ 9.4 billion. per yr (see Walters et al 2016, Siregar et al 2018, and Walters et al 2019).

.. nicely being and monetary costs of not breastfeeding, roughly US $ 1.5 to 9.4 billion per yr

Maternity leave has many advantages: the rights are associated to gender equality and higher breastfeeding expenses in low- and middle-income worldwide places, and supply broad social, enchancment and social benefits. nicely being of working mothers and newborns. Providing paid maternity leave to working women can improve the bodily and psychological nicely being of mothers and kids and the well-being of the family, and improve women’s participation in the labor market.

No matter pro-breastfeeding insurance coverage insurance policies in the nation, along with three months of paid leave for formal workers, breastfeeding rooms in the workplace and restrictions on the promoting of breastmilk substitutes, there is a lack of breastfeeding help for ladies in the informal sector. This demographic group represents 52% of the nation’s female workforce, leaving most Indonesian female workers unprotected, with very important outcomes. Solely about half of all Indonesian children beneath 6 months of age have been utterly breastfed in 2017, resulting not only in high economic costs, but also up to 7,000 deaths per year in mothers and infants.

The evaluation estimated the financial costs of implementing a hypothetical cash swap program, which would guarantee an income to mothers in the informal sector all through maternity leave, alleviate the unfair burden of choosing between breastfeeding and child security. income, and make it less complicated for them to attain breastfeeding targets. Our methodology, based on the methodology modified by the World Bank by Villar-Compte et al, adopted established steps to estimate costs using nationwide secondary info. Estimates have confirmed that the program can cost spherical US $ 1.3 billion per yr (US $ 1,131 / mother per yr). The low cost of the program, in distinction to elevated estimates of the cost of not breastfeeding in Indonesia, demonstrates the significance of investing in maternity leave and breastfeeding help packages.

there is a lack of breastfeeding help for ladies in the informal sector.

Nonetheless, challenges keep: funds constraints, sub-optimal protection implementation, a robust toddler technique market, lack of breastfeeding rooms, native cultures that may hamper breastfeeding, and points about breastfeeding. trade-offs between income and maternity leave, must be taken into consideration to design a smart and a way to implement and implement the cash swap program.

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