The new directive of the National Council Electoral (CNE) of Venezuela must fulfill the mission of convening the elections to elect the new members of the National Assembly (AN ), whose mandate expires on January 4, 2021.
With this action, the agency will contribute to the strengthening of democracy, by guaranteeing the right of Venezuelans to participate in plural and transparent parliamentary elections, which promote dialogue and understanding between the different political sectors of the country. The appointment of the members of the new CNE was a process that lasted more than a year through negotiations between the opposition and the government, which included the installation of a national dialogue table. [Althoughprogresshadbeenmadeoncertainpointsatthebeginningof2020 the opposition right began to obstruct the appointment of rectors, which necessitated taking other measures in accordance with laws and the Constitution.
The Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice of Venezuela (TSJ), and before declaring the unconstitutional omission of the NA, proceeded to the appointment of the new rectors and rectors of the CNE, by judgment no. 0070-2020, on June 12.
Presidente del TSJ, Mag. Maikel Moreno, juramentó a rectores y rectoras del CNE https://t.co/AJVcimrwa0 pic.twitter.com/prsR09uWOu
— TSJ Venezuela (@TSJ_Venezuela) June 13, 2020
In this way, Indira Maira Alfonzo Izaguirre a summer appointed principal rector and president of the CNE ; as vice-president and principal of Rafael Simón Jiménez Melean; and as chief rectors Tania D’Amelio Cardiet, Gladys María Gutiérrez Alvarado and José Luis Gutiérrez Parra. Like Rectors of replacement, the following elements were named: Abdón Rodolfo Hernández Rodríguez, Alex David dit Díaz Padrón, Carlos Enrique Quintero Cuevas, Jennycet Caroliska Villalobos, Juan Carlos Delpino Boscán, Luis Delfin Fuenmayor Toro , Franck Antero Pic Durán, Gloria Adelaida Muñoz, Deyanira Briceño and Eleusis Aly Borrego.
In turn, the National Council of Elections is chaired by the rector Indira Maira Alfonzo Aguirre; José Luis Gutiérrez Parra as principal rector and Carlos Enrique Quintero Cuevas as incorporated deputy rector.
In addition, other bodies subordinate to the CNE, namely the Civil and Electoral Register are chaired by the rector Tania D’Amelio Cardiet, and as principal rector Gladys María Gutiérrez Alvarado, as incorporated substitute rector Juan Carlos Delpino Boscán; while the Commission for Political Participation and Funding is chaired by Rafael Simón Jiménez Melean; as principal rector Tania D’Amelio Cardiet, and the incorporated deputy rector Abdón Rodolfo Hernández Rodríguez.
Disability of the National Assembly
The Constitution of Venezuela gives the AN the power to elect the CNE but faced with various irregularities, the TSJ had to assume this responsibility. The Parliament was convicted of contempt of the TSJ by decision n ° 02 of January 11, 2017, because of its refusal to revoke the oath of three deputies suspected of fraud.
Faced with the violation of said mandate, the highest Venezuelan court delegitimized the Parliament and declared null and void all its acts until it resumes the path of legality.
According to Venezuelan law, if Parliament violates some of the standards established for this process or is not under legal conditions to assume the appointment, it belongs to the TSJ of select members of the electorate.
For this reason, on June 5, the highest court published judgment 0068-2020, in which it declared that there had been a legislative omission on the part of the AN and that it has hindered its work in appointing rectors to the CNE.
Request for opposition
This decision was the response to a resource resource that the opposition parties had presented the day before, like Soluciones para Venezuela; Cambiemos; Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS); Avanzada Progresista; Committee of Organización Política Electoral Independiente (Copei) y Esperanza por el Cambio.
On this occasion, the Secretary General of the MAS Felipe Mujica, explained that the objective of the request, based on article 336 of the Bolivarian Constitution, was to be able to settle the conflict over the election of the new CNE the process of which had been extended by a year. He recalled that a document had been approved at the national concertation table establishing the incorporation of the parliamentary fraction of the government into the National Assembly so that an electoral body could be chosen with the opposition caucus.
It came to nothing a commission was appointed which did not work and the January crisis came later, when the National Assembly was divided and decreed the impossibility that in this body the decision to elect the CNE could be taken, since that to be elected requires 2/3 of the members of this body, “he explained.
For this reason, he underlined the importance of the appointment by on TSJ of the CNE directive to guarantee compliance with the legal deadlines for the conduct of legislative elections.
“The elections in accordance with the constitutional norm clearly establish that to convene these legislative elections, it takes six months and for that, we must have an electoral body which does it differently from the one we currently have “, did he declare.
While the leader of Soluciones para Venezuela, Claudio Fermín, explained that before the policy of the right-wing sectors which support the deputy Juan Guaidó who plays for abstention, his party and others who make up the dialogue table, have agreed to request the declaration of legislative omission.